THIS book is intended to serve as an introduction to Anthropology, for it deals with the first steps in that science, namely, the study of the relations of Man to the lower animals. It is based on observations made in the Anatomical Department and Ape House of the Zoological Society of London, and on the examination of specimens in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, the Anatomical Museum of University College, and the British Museum of Natural History.
In a work such as this it is essential to include an analysis of the truly vast literature on the Apes, so that one can obtain an idea of the range of variation which each structure exhibits. More than seven hundred works have been consulted, and a selection has been made of books and papers which should be useful to research workers. Figures in heavy type after the names of authors in the text refer to the Bibliography.
I have to express my best thanks to Professor Elliot Smith for reading the proofs and writing an invaluable Foreword, to Sir Arthur Keith for the gift of parts of a Gorilla, and to Dr. A. Smith Woodward for permission to examine the specimens in the Department of Geology in the British Museum. I have also to express my thanks